Understanding Urinary Incontinence

Understanding Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a common medical condition that involves the involuntary leakage of urine. It can occur at any age, but it is more common in older adults, especially women. Urinary incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Weak pelvic muscles: The muscles in the pelvic area that control the bladder can become weakened due to pregnancy, childbirth, surgery, aging, or other factors. This can lead to urine leakage.

  2. Neurological conditions: Conditions that affect the nerves that control the bladder, such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease, can result in urinary incontinence.

  3. Urinary tract infections: Infections of the urinary tract, such as cystitis or urethritis, can cause an increased urge to urinate and can result in leakage.

  4. Medications: Certain medications, such as diuretics or sedatives, can cause urinary incontinence as a side effect.

  5. Medical conditions: Other medical conditions, such as diabetes, obesity, or prostate problems in men, can also lead to urinary incontinence.

There are different types of urinary incontinence, including:

  1. Stress incontinence: Leakage of urine occurs during activities that put pressure on the bladder, such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising.

  2. Urge incontinence: Also known as overactive bladder, this occurs when there is a sudden urge to urinate, and leakage occurs before reaching the bathroom.

  3. Mixed incontinence: A combination of stress and urge incontinence.

  4. Overflow incontinence: Occurs when the bladder is always full and leaks small amounts of urine.

Treatment for urinary incontinence may include pelvic floor exercises, lifestyle changes such as weight loss or quitting smoking, medication, or surgery. It is important to speak with a healthcare professional if you are experiencing urinary incontinence, as there may be an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.

Urinary incontinence is not just a medical problem. It can affect emotional, psychological and social life. Many people who have urinary incontinence are afraid to do normal daily activities. 

For more information on Urinary Incontinence visit the Continence Foundation of Australia

Please note:   theprofileshop does not offer, nor authorised to provide medical advice and is not accredited to dispense prescription medications. Should you require any medical attention we can only advise you to seek medical attention from a registered medical practitioner.